Multicultural Centre released the report ”Afrophobia. A research review of the situation of Afro-Swedes in contemporary Sweden” on the 3rd of February 2014. The report was a systematic review of the current situation on afrophobia experienced by Swedes of African decent in Sweden and based on existing statistical material and previous research. It was commissioned by the then Minister for Integration Mr. Erik Ullenhag (Ministry of Employment).
The report showed that Afro-Swedes are the Swedish minority most exposed to hate crimes according to official statistics. Afrophobic hate crimes have also increased by 24 % since 2008. The report also showed that the marginalization of Afro-Swedes is apparent within all sectors of Swedish society, such as within the spheres of education, health, housing and employment.
Almost one year after its release, the ”Afrophobia report”, as it is commonly known, has proven to have had an important impact on on-going discussions about the situation for Afro-Swedes and on the public debate about racism in Sweden. For example, in the Statement of Government Policy, when the current government took office, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven said that ”There must be no place in Sweden for anti-Semitism, anti-Ziganism, Islamophobia and Afrophobia”. This was the first time Afrophobia had been mentioned in a Swedish government policy statement.
The report has also been widely discussed in various media outlets, including Swedish Radio and Sveriges Television (SVT, the Swedish public broadcaster service) and in national newspapers.
The definition of Afro-Swedes used in the report includes all residents in Sweden of sub-Saharan African descent including the Americas and the Caribbean as well as Europe and Asia. About 7% of the metropolitan population in Sweden consists of Afro-Swedes. The total number of Afro-Swedes (as stated in the report) stands at approximately 180,000 people, of whom 60 % are foreign-born while 40 % were born in Sweden. Afrophobia is a term used by the United Nations, and means hostility toward people with a background in sub-Saharan Africa or who belong to the African diaspora. Afrophobia manifests itself for example as verbal abuse, spatial segregation and physical attacks as well as systematic racial discrimination within areas such as employment and housing.